Group 9 Topic: 'Mobile and Ubiquitous'
  • Explore and discuss the development of mobile and ubiquitous computing from a global perspective, giving specific examples from personal use and from Bangladesh and the USA
  • Provide evidence of how mobile and ubiquitous computing has impacted on education and business
  • Provide current examples of the emerging new tools (devices and methods of connectivity) that we should all be taking notice of now


Background



What is mobile and ubiquitous computing?


Mobile

First, we'll talk about mobile computing. Well, what is mobile? If something is mobile, then it can be moved and still do whatever it was intended to do. So mobile computing would be any type of computing device (laptop, iPod, mp3, cell phone, etc.) that can move around and still be connected to the internet and just as effective. A great example of mobile computing can be seen in Thomas Friedman’s
The World is Flat . Friedman discusses a trip to Japan that he took. In is trip he is “on a bullet train going 240 kilometers per hour….and [his] colleague is answering e-mail fromCartoon.JPG Kazakhstan” (Friedman 187)[1] . A laptop is flying through the Japanese countryside at 150 miles an hour, and yet it is moving flawlessly through several different networks. That is mobile.

Ubiquitous

Now, ubiquitous computing. Ubiquitous is just a big word that means everywhere at once. So, ubiquitous computing means that computing has reached a point where you can be everywhere at once. Again, Friedman’s colleague is in Japan, e-mailing someone from Kazakhstan. He could just as easily be talking to someone in America on his cell phone at the same time. He is in three different countries at the same time.

On a side note, Mark Weiser is considered to be the father of ubiquitous computing. He was the first to make it in its current form in 1988.

Faxing is a little out-dated, but this cartoon is still a great example of how far technology has come in recent years.


Current News



The first stage of a project to build one
of the world's most advanced telephone
networks has been completed.
21cn.jpg
A new telephone network called 21st century network (21CN) is being built. This British company is going to use Internet Protocol Technology for making the calls. This enormous upgrade of technology will make new services available through phone lines and make the existing services much faster and cheaper.
This upgrade will cost the British Telecom £10bn and take them until 2010 to finish the project. Around 1500 man years have already been put into this project. Once this project is completed this network will carry voice, data, broadband and multimedia. It will also allow other emerging services.


A deal between YouTube and US mobile firm
Verizon Wireless will see the popular video-
sharing website extended to mobile phones.
youtube.jpg
Verizon Wireless and YouTube have made a deal where the users of Verizon Wireless who subscribe to V-cast service will be able to view the YouTube content on their mobile phones. The V-cast users pay $15 a month to watch and download videos to their mobile phones. Their will only be a limited amount of videos because only approved videos by YouTube and Verizon will be available on V-cast. The trial started in December to find the glitches and find easier ways of using V-cast. This should be very successful as 100 million videos are viewed on YoutTube as is, and once this is available the numbers should boost a lot more.

Manchester could become the biggest free
wireless internet hotspot in Europe under plans
unveiled by the city council.manchester.jpg

The government of London has set up a competition called ‘Digital Challenge Initiative'. The region with the best digital advancement plan will qualify for a funding of up to £3m.
Inspired from small projects in San Francisco and Amsterdam, The Greater Manchester has come up with plans of Setting up 90% of the city with free wi-fi (website). This should give about 2.2 million people access to free wi-fi all around the city.


.Mobi is the newest type of web domain.

.mobi is a top-level web domain. There is .com; .org; .net; and now, .mobi.Mobi_image.jpg

This new domain is restricted to mobile devices (cell phones, PDA's, etc).

Before .mobi, whenever you tried to get on the internet with a cell phone, you were accessing the same web domain as desktops, laptops, and other devices; consequently it was excruciatingly slow. Now, with a domain to themselves, mobile devices will be able to get on the internet with much greater speeds.

.mobi has caused great controversy in the short time that it has been around. Some people feel that programmers should program their websites so that when a cell phone accesses their page, it takes the user to a different, scaled down version of the page that is adapted to fit cell phones. They believe that this is the way to fix the speed problem, not giving mobile devices a domain to themselves.


Impact on Education



Salmaan's Video International School Dhaka



This video features Mrs. Vicki Davis, Mrs. Julie Lindsay, and Mr. Saad Faruque talking about the use of mobile and ubiquitous technology for the use of education.

Mobile and ubiquitous computing has helped education a great deal in the past years and is continues to help, today. Having mobile and ubiquitous computing, makes it easier for the students to learn and the teachers to teach. The students and teachers are able to have more information with them at one time if they have mobile devices with them, as the devices are used for their class work. If students or teachers are unable to attend classes they are able to interact with each other and able to exchange work which is a great help for some students and teachers.

Laptops, handhelds, wireless internet, and many more devices help educators and learners have an easier time in school. If we look at some schools over the world, that have these technology in school than we can see that the students are quite successful as they are walking around with these devices all day, and they have all their work in one place, its fast and easy for everyone to use. As a matter of fact I am sitting in an area in front of the school garden and writing this now. This technology has made it easier for student and it keeps the students fascinated at all times.

Schools have now started to use devices such as mobile phones and mp3 players to educate students. Mobile phones are used to do audio blogging and photo blogging. Many schools don’t allow the use of mobile phones as they say it’s too much of a distraction. However, they ought to try it out and see how it works out because many students are interested in using and mobile phones and it’s easier to keep the students on track if they are kept interested. Mp3 plays are also another good device that some schools and universities are starting to use, as they believe it helps the students listen to themselves and recording themselves and testing themselves and they can record the lectures and listen to it when ever they want and they don’t have to take much notes. A study at Duke University was done to see if mp3 players are actually helpful, so they gave their freshman students iPods and looked at their grades and they came to an agreement that mp3 players help the students in their education.

Mobile and ubiquitous is at a point where you can have a teacher at one side of the world and the student at the other side of the world. This has all been made possible because of the mobile and ubiquitous computing.


Impact on Employment







Mobile and ubiquitous computing has been and will continue to greatly alter the way business is done all around the world

In America, this computing is greatly people can now talk to a partner across the globe. Even since the Apple I, computers have been updating and progressing. Technology has now reached a point where you can have a conference with 7 or 8 people at the same time, without being in the same room with any of them. What used to have be done in person, costing thousands of dollars, can now be done over the computer. Instead of having to fly around the world to meet with someone, trying to decide whether or not to do business with him, you can do it over the computer, without having to pay for airfares, accommodations, food, or any other costs. This new computing is affecting every type of business, tier 1, tier 2, and tier 3. All of this is because the connectivity of computing has greatly progressed the past several years. Mobile and ubiquitous computing is saving companies money all over the United States.

In foreign countries, especially those still developing, mobile and ubiquitous computing is quintessential. These countries need foreign business to keep the economy going. But these companies will not want to do business in an area that cannot connect to the internet.

Mobile and ubiquitous computing also has some disadvantages. It can take out the “people-to-people” aspect, making it easy for someone to do all of his business cooped up in an attic, without ever having to meet anyone face to face. People need that part of business. People need to meet with other people. Otherwise, you’ll end up a grumpy, old scrooge.


Additional Multimedia

Recources of Impact on Employment




Salmaan B
Andrew S
See the Grading rubrics for how this project will be graded.